Lagstiftning

Lagstiftning

AIXAM, Europas största tillverkare av mopedbilar, vars tillverkning överenstämmer med fransk och europeisk lagstiftning samt officella styrdokument för fyrhjulingar.

AIXAM är en majoritetsmedlem i EQUAL, 'European QUAdricycle League', en organisation som marknadsför fyrhjuliga fordon i hela Europa.

AIXAM designar och tillverkar mopedbilar i linje med Europeisk lagstiftning.

EU-direktiv 2002/24/EC, som sedan blev ersatt av Europeisk förordning 168/2013/EU, styr tillverkningen och typgodkännande av fyrhjulingar.

Lätta fyrhjulingar eller mopedbilar

Tunga fyrhjulingar eller MC-bilar (TQM - motorised tricycles and quadricycles)

Lätta fyrhjulingar eller mopedbil

Godkännande
Körförhållande

Godkännande

  • Mopedbilar likställs med mopeder och kan få framföras utan körkort. Detta bestämmer varje EU-land själva, i Sverige krävs ett AM-körkort - Moped klass 1. Detta körkort kan erhållas genom utbildning för alla lämpade traffikanter över 15 år.
  • Beroende på lagstiftningen så kan fordonen benämnas med olika begrepp, lätt bil, mopedbil, mopedbilar eller minibil.

 

Tidigare förordning 2002/24/EC

Ny förordning 168/2013/EU

Kategori

L6e

L6eBP

Topphastighet

45 km/h

45 km/h

Max effekt

4 kW (5.4hp)

6kW (8.15hp)

Torrvikt

350kg (without fuel or accessories) 

425kg (with fuel)

DRIVING A "NO LICENCE" VEHICLE (LIGHT QUADRICYCLE) IN FRANCE

Articles R211-1, R211-2 et seq. of the French Highway Code and the Ministerial Order of 10/11/2014 define the usage requirements.

To summarise:
  • Motorised light quadricycle drivers must have a minimum age of 14 years.
  • The BSR road safety certificate becomes an AM licence and includes a moped and light quadricycle provision. The Moped provision on the AM licence authorises the holder to drive light quadricycles.
  • Those born before the 1st of January 1988 do not require a road safety certificate (BSR or "Brevet de Sécurité Routière") nor a driving licence to drive a "no licence" car in France.
  • Those born on or after the 1st of January 1988 must hold a road safety certificate (BSR) issued before 19/01/2013 or an AM licence (issued from 19/01/2013 onwards).
  • Drivers with a valid motorcycle or car licence are authorised to drive a light quadricycle.

The BSR or AM licence includes a theory component and practical training, however does not include a driving test:

THEORY COMPONENT: REQUIRES ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CERTIFICATES:

  • ASSR 1: awarded in year 8 (School Road Safety Certificate - level 1)
  • ASSR 2: awarded in year 10 (School Road Safety Certificate - level 2)
  • ASR: (Road Safety Certificate) awarded by adult training centres.

PRACTICAL COMPONENT: REQUIRES 7 HOURS OF TRAINING AT A DRIVING SCHOOL, WITHOUT A DRIVING TEST

This takes place on a moped or light quadricycle and is broken down into two parts.

  • Off-road practical training (2 hours): information on the equipment, roles, key maintenance and safety checks, control of the vehicle off of public roads,
  • On-road practical training (4 hours): moped or light quadricycle handling.
  • Awareness to the risks linked to driving and speed (1 hour), adopting the correct behaviour, awareness of the consequences.
AM licence training can take place in a "no licence" car provided by the customer and insured for the 7 hours of training.
AM licence holders with the light quadricycle provision cannot drive a moped. However, AM licence holders with the moped provision can drive a light quadricycle.

Heavy quadricycles or TQMs (motorised tricycles and quadricycles)

Approval
Driving conditions

APPROVAL

  • Heavy quadricycles must be driven with either a category A or B licence, depending on the legislation in effect in the different European countries.
  • Depending on its use, it is sometimes referred to as a heavy car or a motorised tricycle or quadricycle.

 

Réglementation en fin de vie 2002/24/CE

Nouvelle Réglementation 168/2013/UE

Category

L7e

L7eCP

Maximum speed

--

90 km/h

Maximum power

15 kW (20.3 hp)

15 kW (20.3 hp)

Unladen weight

400kg (without fuel or accessories)

450kg (with fuel)

DRIVING A HEAVY QUADRICYCLE IN FRANCE (TQM - MOTORISED TRICYCLE AND QUADRICYCLE)

Articles R211-4, R221-5 et seq. of the French Highway Code and the Ministerial Orders in effect define the usage requirements.

To summarise:

  • Motorised heavy quadricycle drivers must have a minimum age of 16 years.
  • A B1 licence is dedicated to heavy quadricycles. The training and the test take place in a heavy quadricycle. The examiner can be in a following vehicle in contact via a radio link (as with motorcycle licences).
  • As equivalent to the B1 licence, anyone holding one of the following licences is authorised to drive a heavy quadricycle: A, A1, A2, A3, A4, AT, AL, B, C, D and licences prior to the 1st of April 1958.

B1 LICENCES ARE SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS:

  • Drivers must be aged 16 or over,
  • Drivers must have an ASSR 2 or ASR road safety certificate
  • Obtaining the B1 licence ("Highway Code" + at least 20 h of practical training at a driving school + 40-minute driving test under normal road conditions, as with B licences).

RF

NB : les articles du Code de la Route sont consultables sur Légifrance : https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichCode.do;?cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006074228